The Interaction of C02 and Non-Ozone Air Pollutants on Plant Growth

By | February 28, 2014



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We begin this review of the interaction of CO2 and non-ozone air pollutants on plant growth with the study of Deepak and Agrawal (2001)[1], who grew two cultivars of soybeans (Glycine max L. Merr. Cv. PK472 and Bragg) in open-top chambers that were maintained at atmospheric CO2 concentrations of either 350 or 600 ppm, both alone and in combination with 60 ppb SO2, in order to determine the individual and interactive effects of elevated CO2 and this common air pollutant on the growth and yield of this important crop. This work revealed that exposure to elevated SO2 significantly reduced both total plant biomass and grain yield by approximately 18% in both cultivars. In contrast, elevated CO2 significantly increased total plant biomass and grain yield in both cultivars by averages of 30 and 34%, respectively. And when the plants were exposed simultaneously to elevated SO2 and CO2, the negative effects of SO2 were completely ameliorated.