Category Archives: Originals

Climate Model Inadequacies of Earth’s Radiative Budget

By | April 21, 2015

One of the most challenging and important problems facing today’s general circulation models of the atmosphere is how to accurately simulate the physics of earth’s radiative energy balance. Of this task, Harries (2000)1 wrote that “progress is excellent, on-going research is fascinating, but we have still a great deal to understand about the physics of climate.

Interactive Effects of C02 and Ozone on Birch Trees

By | April 10, 2015

Trees grown in CO2-enriched air nearly always exhibit increased rates of photosynthesis and biomass production, while trees grown in ozone (O3)-enriched air tend to experience the opposite effects. So what happens when both of these trace constituents of the atmosphere increase together? This question is addressed in the present summary with respect to birch trees.

Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Crustaceans

By | April 2, 2015

As the air’s CO2 content rises in response to ever-increasing anthropogenic CO2 emissions, and as more and more carbon dioxide therefore dissolves in the surface waters of the world’s oceans, theoretical reasoning suggests the pH values of the planet’s oceanic waters should be gradually dropping. The IPCC and others postulate that this chain of events, commonly referred to… Read More »

Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Bivalves

By | March 18, 2015

As the air’s CO2 content rises in response to ever-increasing anthropogenic CO2 emissions, and as more and more carbon dioxide therefore dissolves in the surface waters of the world’s oceans, theoretical reasoning suggests the pH values of the planet’s oceanic waters should be gradually dropping. The IPCC and others postulate that this chain of events, commonly referred to… Read More »

Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Bacteria

By | March 11, 2015

Cyanobacteria-also known as blue-green algae, blue-green bacteria or Cyanophyta (the smallest of which, less than two micrometers in diameter, are typically referred to as picocyanobacteria)- obtain their energy through the process of photosynthesis and are thus important primary producers in many areas of the world’s oceans, as well as significant components of the marine nitrogen cycle. This summary… Read More »

Observed Climate Change and the Negligible Global Effect of Greenhouse-gas Emission Limits in the State of Utah

By | March 2, 2015

In this report, we review the long-term climate history of Utah and find little in the way of evidence that the greenhouse gas build-up in the atmosphere has much altered Utah’s climate. While statewide average temperatures have generally appeared to have risen in Utah over the past 100 years, much of this rise can be attributed to the… Read More »

Experimental Artifacts of Free-Air-C02-Enrichment (FACE) Studies

By | February 24, 2015

In a provocative paper they entitled “Food for Thought: Lower-Than-Expected Crop Yield Stimulation with Rising CO2 Concentrations,” Long et al. (2006)1 suggested that future increases in crop production caused by the fertilization effect of the atmosphere’s rising CO2 concentration may be only half as large as what had long been believed would be the case, due to confounding… Read More »

The Extinction Risk for Stationary Plants

By | February 14, 2015

In addition to migrating to more suitable locations, Earth’s plants have other ways of successfully responding to various pressures that might otherwise lead to their extinction. The “acid test” for any extinction hypothesis is to examine what appears to be happening – or what appears to actually have happened – in the real world, which is what is… Read More »

Forest Growth Responses to Increasing Temperatures

By | January 29, 2015

It has been claimed that CO2-induced global warming will be so great and so rapid that many of Earth’s trees will not be able to migrate towards cooler regions (poleward in latitude or upward in altitude) rapidly enough to avoid extinction (Woodwell, 1989; Overpeck et al., 1991; Dobson, 1992; Root and Schneider, 1993; Dyer, 1995). This prediction is… Read More »